Writing for the web what should a person be considering?
Creating good content isn’t as easy as people like to think, it takes thought and intelligence and an awareness of all the factors that make content stand out. In this piece we’ll take a look at the topic of writing for the web and the best practice you should use. We’ll think about what we’ll do before, during and after producing and our content and learn how a few simple disciplines can help improve the work that we produce.
So you want to create something for your niche?
It’s important to understand the factors that influence performance as without them, it’s difficult to appreciate the various nuances that come together to make up the whole.
We need to give people readable content that they’ll like; content that they might be inclined to share, content that they’ll want to click on when they see it appear in the search results.
Understanding the reasons for these will help us.
It’s pointless writing content that has a very limited audience or is devoid of aspects that’ll make it noteworthy. We need to create content that seeks to inspire, excite, inform, encourage, create and motivate.
From a technology perspective, we need to make sure that our content will be favourable towards the search engine algorithms too so that it is returned for the keyword phrases and queries that we’d like to see it appear for in Google or Bing.
The performance of a page in search is often influenced by four categories of on-site factors, offsite factors, keyword and competitor research.
On-site factors relate to most of the things that happen on the web server which we or our team can control directly. Things like website structure and architecture (navigation, site speed, crawl-ability, content mark-up, page urls, domain name, hosting etc.)
Off-site factors relate to site authority — links citations and variety, and to a lesser degree social signals from social media. The more of these link signals that sites have, the better they tend to perform amongst competing sites in their respective query space.
Keyword research is an important part of the content creation process as we need to consider what it is that people search for and the volumes in which they do so. It’s pointless writing a piece that has no keyword phrase or aspiration in mind. We need to think of our intended audience and give them what they need in a way that helps support our business aims and growth by looking at key phrases that have search volume.
Competitor Research is also vital in understanding our niche and what our competing brands and services are doing in the space.
The content that we write and the page URL’s we create will be largely based on our product or service knowledge and what we learn in our research phase.
The Pre Writing Phase
So, you are about to write or edit an amazing piece of content that you’ll get 1000’s of social shares, links back to the website and visitors that’ll convert to sales.
What should you be doing, what kind of thinking mode do you need to have, in order to be the most effective that you can? We’ll need to think about how others are doing things and ask how we can do it all better. We’ll need to think about who it will be who helps float our content and take notes on what works and what doesn’t. We’ll need to source images and ensure that they are well optimised and fit for purpose and to help us, we’ll need to use the search engine to find things out.
Keyword and Competitor Research
Whilst much of the initial keyword research may have already been undertaken, it’s a very good idea to take a quick look at what it is you have been tasked to write about, as it will help solidify the need and give you a broader understanding of who’s already succeeding and why.
Using Social Media
Conduct a Twitter search and make note of who’s tweeting in the space.
Consider the installation of chrome plugins like list builder and Klout to help build your Twitter network and to identify potential influencers in the space. Look at other tools like Peer Index and Kred too.
Use a tool like http://analytics.followthehashtag.com/ and take note of who’s talking about your topic in that space, they could be great advocates post publish point.
If you have other tools that work for you, use those instead or in conjunction.
Look at LinkedIn and see if there are any stand out brands or people and take a note of who they are.
Check out Pinterest and Instagram, weigh up whether your content could cater to these audiences too.
Not every piece can, but if it’s particularly visual, it might have a good home on Pinterest but if it’s more about charts and numbers then perhaps not.
Use #hash tags to supplement any products or content you share. In the example of a gift shop sign selling wedding signs, then hash tag the image with #wedding #weddinggifts #weddingideas and related words.
The same applies for images or pages that you share on Twitter.
It’s super important to get people onside and make them aware of what it is you do.
Don’t assume it’s as obvious as you think it is.
If you are producing excellent useful content then people who have interest in the space will want to share your stuff within their networks.
Set aside some time in identifying who these people are and follow them on social media just after you publish.
Image Selection and Naming
The best content pieces are a mix of text and imagery. Images are important to both content and search as they help break up big chunks of text and make a piece more visually attractive too. We’ve all heard the story of a picture and it painting 1000 words…
It’s best to have original images but if you can’t source one locally then use an image bank to find one. Be sure that your image is optimised for the web.
Keep it to a decent file size, optimise it for the web. Not everyone has superfast broadband and many of your visitors will be reading the content from a mobile device with a limited rendering or download speed. Keep these factors in mind with your use and selection.
When selecting your images think about the topic you are writing and aim for at least one or two directly related images that can be used to increase image content relevancy for your target phrase.
In addition to social media, Google image search is a great source of traffic. Name your images in ways that are likely to help in this regard. Using wedding-sign.png is infinitely better than image_43294.png.
You can of course source imagery from the web generally, but it’s best to avoid this where possible.
If you do, then it’s important to give attribution or to seek permission prior. Don’t just take it.
Using Search Engines
Search your primary keyword phrase in Google and Bing; take a look at who is and what is ranking for the phrase and take notes:
- Look at the content that is currently winning and ask yourself how you can improve upon what they’ve provided.
- Look at competitor page <titles> and headings and note why they had appeal
- Look at the types of content that are being returned in the search results images, video, text, rich snippets etc
- Are there bloggers or Tweeters appearing in the SERP?
- Is there a structured data result that appears in the Google knowledge graph perhaps?
- Look at the snippet and note any specific calls to action
Through looking at the SERP (search engine results page) we can gauge what it is that Google likes for the query set and what we will need to do to occupy the positions and raise our visibility.
We’ll also show opportunities for sharing post production (bloggers, Tweeters, related communities)
Pre Post Actions and Takeaways:
- Assess the organic SERP competition.
- Assess PPC competiton and see what people paying for ads are saying
- Ask yourself critical questions around your content plan.
- Look for opportunities within the SERPs and factor these into your content piece.
- Assess the social media space.
- Identify potential advocates for post publishing activities and to gain greater understanding of what’s happening in the keyword space.
- Name images in relevant ways, optimise image sizes, seek permission of copyright owners and give attribution where free or unpaid.
- Separate image file names with hyphens to maximise image search relevance down the line
Thinking About Content Type and Audience
We need to think about the type of content that we are creating and its intended audience. Until we’ve really looked at the former it’s difficult to know exactly, what’s the best way forward.
Sure, we can say that “I want to write a blog post” or “I want to write a press release” or “I want to create a guide” but to do so in the absence of exploring the keyword space first is folly. We need to look at what ranks, what gets shared and try and figure out why. This will help inform our decisions, and focus thought on what kinds of content will work best.
We can loosely categorise content in to a number of camps. I’ve put together a loose grouping of 6 which will give you some food for thought using a topic of gift signs to help illustrate the examples.
Blog type content — Conversational, topical, aimed at a specific aspect of what we do or personality/innovation/event/niche type thing. Content that has personality with a distinct user voice that encourages user engagement via comments or social sharing perhaps.
News type content — Some content is often newsy, directly informative, and not overtly sales like in tone — a piece announcing an acquisition or investment perhaps. Industry specific, breaking news type stuff
Core content piece — this will be product specific content. Highly targeted at a specific aspect of what we do or the product we have. This wedding signs page is one such top level example that we’d need to improve upon and create a new product item for perhaps, we’d expand upon what is being presented, look at creating a new search friendly URL and talk about the different wedding signs at hand.
Guide piece — A piece of content that adds context to the general proposition. What it is, what it does, how it works, what are its benefits. “10 Top Signs For Loved Ones” might be a good example for our sign company, giving inspiration for people looking to get a loved one a gift.
Infographic — Infographics are a great way of getting shares and creating conversations. They are a visual mix of data and text and when done correctly, can garner huge attention.
Maybe this gift company could look at sales and best sellers and see what the data is saying. Is there a story to be told? What kinds of words are people entering into their personalised signs section for example.
Thought leadership — Most people like direction and look up to authorities for guidance and leadership. This presents great opportunities in what is a fun feel good space. They might talk about ethical sourcing of materials perhaps, enviro friendly aspects of what they do for example and talk about lesser alternatives like plastics and less bio degradable products perhaps
Understanding The Target Audience
It’s of course critical that we know and understand our audience. Who it is we are seeking to communicate with and why. Sometimes, we might wish to talk to our Twitter audience. We know what they want and know what gets them excited. Other times, we might be reaching out to a different constituency, the general press, the trade, the creative community or simply prospective consumers.
If we know who were are targeting, we can better shape the delivery of what we say by using language and imagery that resonates.
Simple Marketing and Promotion Writing Ideas
So, what else could this gift sign company be doing?
How could we help them succeed?
Controversy — We could be getting a little guerrilla and shaking the tree of an established mind-set that we believe is no longer relevant and challenge otherwise accepted traditions of thought and doing things. We might create a little controversy and stimulate debate as a result.
Piggy Backing — We might be mindful of an upcoming industry event that we’ll be looking to ride the coat tails of or draw awareness to our value add. A big craft fair, a regional exhibition perhaps, piggy backing anticipated search volumes, using prior knowledge or trend tools. We can use social media to use the awareness in the space, using hashtags on platforms like Instagram and Twitter.
News and Events Cycles — We might have knowledge of a general news cycle that again, we believe we can add to and perhaps occupy a news place in Google news through proactively creating content that’ll be a good fit for lazy journalists.
By knowing who we are aiming at and adjusting our message to suit we can help increase the likelihood that our content will be well received; be it a blog or a guide or a new product or a news piece or some fantastic thought leadership white-paper; through thinking about who it is we are talking to we can better deliver on our goals.
Network Utilisation and Strategy
It’s a whole lot easier to get content to fly if you have a cunning plan.
Thinking about how you can leverage your network post content completion is vital to gain traction and momentum.
Have a mini brainstorm in the office “Guys and gals, I’m creating x y z, does anyone have anything to throw in to the mix?”
Marketing Hooks — what will be yours?
This is a great look at the topic which might fire a synapse or two.
We could possibly be looking to massage the ego of a well-known voice in the space, someone with an audience of their own who’ll appreciate the recognition. Someone who has a high profile and who might be willing to talk about their purchase.
We might offer users the ability to tweet or Facebook or Instagram about their recent purchase at checkout perhaps, an easy click to share that enables for the image to be embedded within their social feeds and seen by their networks.
Any action that amplifies the content we create is worth considering. If it raises brand awareness and creates conversations about us and our products then it’s worth doing.
Editing Pre-existing Content
Sometimes, we might need to edit an aged or out of date piece of content that gets lots of traffic already (or doesn’t).
For pages with a lot of traffic, It’s important that we don’t make too many radical changes as if the page is performing well, then we wouldn’t really want to change the page title or the headings too much as to do so could lose us a fair degree of traffic.
On the other hand. we might notice that there are some great opportunities to be had, especially for page that isn’t performing at all, in which case some radical surgery might be required.
Generally, we should check the performance of the page we are seeking to edit using our analytics package. If the traffic is awful, then we have very little to lose and should edit to our hearts content using the knowledge we’ve acquired from our actions further up the page.
In cases where traffic is good we should go ahead with caution. We wouldn’t want to unnecessarily edit a page URL for instance nor would we want to change a page title or core heading (date related aspects excepted)
There may often be cases where traffic is good and engagement is poor. In most cases the reasons should be obvious, in which case edit away and add value.
We might want to add some value (images/rich media/new data) or make subtle edits to copy. In most cases these shouldn’t present many, if any difficulties.
If we change a page URL then we of course need to put in a specific redirect so that the engines and crawlers know the new location. Talk to the tech team or SEO around the need for a 301 redirect.
During Content Creation
Having established what it is we are writing, it’s important that our content piece has a clear page structure with a good mix of related keywords and phrases with our core keyword phrase at the centre of it all.
We’ve thought about layout, message and flow, we’ve sourced our images and have named them appropriately and optimised them for use on the web and we are ready to put it all together.
What are the key structural components of a good piece of content?
Evidence shows that pages that do well in search engines share a number of key characteristics.
- Well thought out page titles <titles>
- Good <meta descriptions> with calls to action that generate decent CTR (click through rates)
- Good headings and hierarchy
- Keywords in the page content
- Visual Breakpoints
- Good navigation
Page Titles <titles>
The page <title> is the most important part of the page. It is the part of the content that will appear in the SERP’s and is used by the search engines as a primary means of establishing what the content is likely to be about.
Getting back to the gift sign company example, if we were creating a content piece that was to target the phrase “Handmade Wedding Signs” then we’d look to make sure that those words were present in our title. Of course, a page title that just said “Handmade Wedding Signs” would look exceedingly bland and would miss out on other opportunities to draw the click and to speak to humans, so we’d look at how we could make that work.
Our keyword and competitor research would have already established that competing pages have various characteristics that we can use too.
For a core content piece we might use the page title of “Buy Quality Handmade Weddings Signs, Environmentally Sourced” which would of course be better than “Handmade Wedding Signs” alone.
For a blog piece we might get a little more conversational and say “5 Little Known Rules for Creating the Perfect Handmade Sign”
People also love “How to’s” and “What” type queries. “How Can I Make the Perfect Custom Sign for less than £20?” or combined “How Can I Make the Perfect Custom Sign for less than £20 — What should I look For”
The variations above would also have a secondary benefit in that they’d target additional search phrases with search volume and use language that relates to what they do.
“Wedding Signs”, “Custom Signs” search query aspirations would all be assisted by the page title “Where Can I Find A Custom Wedding Sign Online — What should I look For?”
The sky is the limit and ultimately it’s bound by your creativity. The central message is that you of course need to include the primary phrase within your page title (as near to the start of the sentence as makes sense) and talk to humans at the same time gaining their attention and getting that all important click.
Try to keep your page titles sub 60 characters in length as Google typically shows just the first 60 or so characters; anything longer than this is truncated. This doesn’t mean that you can’t use titles that are longer but be sure to have your most important messaging and keywords within this limit.
The <Meta name=”description”> tag is important as it is used by Google and Bing to surface a snippet of content in their SERP’s. It sits in the code section of a HTML page.
Meta descriptions are a great opportunity whereby you can reinforce your message and add extra content and calls to action for the page that you are trying to attract that all important click from.
You should seek to add effective context with words that are related to the query space in a way that also talks to human beings.
Meta descriptions should be around 160 characters most but can be longer. Anything over 160 is truncated and will not be displayed.
Be sure to think about how you’d like your message to appear in the SERP’s and be mindful that the meta description will often be the search engines first port of call when adding supplemental information about a page.
Page Headings <H#>
Similar to books, good web pages have good structure and are headed up by relevant headings and subheadings.
HTML hierarchy dictates that headings are number 1–6 typically with <h1> being the largest and most important.
Heading tags are an opportunity to arrange your content in a way that is logical and readable to your user. They’ll help break up the content and make sense of what it is you are communicating.
The <h1> tag should be the first heading on the page and should only appear once. Typically, it often closely mirrors the page <title> which when you think of it, makes sense from a user readability perspective.
Additional subheadings <h2> <h3> <h4> <h5> should be used throughout the document as appropriate, in a clear hierarchy.
Note: You don’t have to use all of those headings. Pages rank well in absence of H1’s or through a mix of different headings to0. Structures like H1, H2, H3, H3,H3 H4, H2, H2, H2 are often used too and don’t appear to negatively impact performance to a large extent. The takeaway is, that logical structured headings are a good habit to get in to and help signify important aspects of the document or places within it.
Do’s and don’ts for headings and subheadings
- Resist the temptation to keyword stuff your target phrase in to every subheading that you use. If you do, then your piece will read poorly and will possibly be marked downed as keyword stuffy!
- Ensure that your primary keyword phrase appears in your <h1> heading
- If it makes sense, then use it in your first <h2> subheading too and subsequent or latter subheadings, but don’t over do it.
- Look for opportunities to use keyword variations — If your content piece is targeting Birthday Signs then be creative and think of variants that you can blend in to your subheadings “70th Birthday Wooden Signs” perhaps, or “Birthday Gift Ideas and Inspiration” or “Examples of Our Most Popular Wooden Birthday Signs” all of these titles are related and the search engines will get that too. Through adding variance and semantic relationships in your copy, you’ll help elevate relevance and increase readability.
- Don’t over use headings either. No point having a subheading for every sentence or paragraph.
When writing your copy, try to ensure that you make mention of your primary target phrase in the first or second sentence that you use. Make it stand out so the reader recognises the core message early into the piece consider the use of or tags where appropriate.
Search engines are relatively dumb so we need to give them as many clues as we can. Page titles, Meta descriptions, headings and content mark-up are ways in which we can do this.
That said, they are getting smarter so we need to be mindful that we don’t overdo things and resist the urge to keyword stuff. Keyword stuffing will damage our ability to rank and switch our readers off so it’s important to bear that in mind and not overdo the keyword phrase thing!
When writing, we should look to use related phrases and words where we can. We want to be on the lookout for easy related ranking opportunities and send out that strong message that our content is thematically related to our niche and contains strong word correlations throughout.
Our ultimate aim site wide is to be recognised as THE authority on our topic so through using words that have semantic relationships we help ourselves achieve this. Antonyms, synonyms, hypernyms, hyponyms, meronyms will all help, use them with gusto!
The most important factor of course is to write for humans.
We can have the most amazing rankings in the world, but if our content reads like crap and people hit and run or fail to engage then we will fall at the first hurdle and will see our rankings go backwards.
Do’s and Don’ts for Content Copy
- Do not keyword stuff — write for humans, your core keyword phrase shouldn’t appear more than 5–6% of the time typically, but this will vary across niches and isn’t set in stone.
- Do use variations of your target key phrase, think of related words you can include, think semantically.
- In most cases, try to keep your web documents to a decent readable length.
- Don’t consign yourself to TL;DR hell. Try to keep your blog posts to less than 1500 words. No one wants to read a long piece of content unless it’s really useful and merits their time. If it’s going to be long, then try and engage people along the way,
- Different types of content such as comprehensive “how to guides” and “white papers” may well be longer of course, simply because people are expecting highly detailed specific information.
- There’s a great piece on content length generally here https://blog.bufferapp.com/the-ideal-length-of-everything-online-according-to-science
Internal Link Reinforcement
One of the ways in which we can help ourselves is to continually reference our most important content pieces. We can do this by linking to such pieces as we create new content. If we are writing about topic x y or z and happen to use the term gift signs, then it makes sense to hyperlink that phrase and point it to the page that we would like to rank.
Less is often more of course, so we don’t want to overdo things. Who wants to read a document of a zillion hyperlinks!? If it makes sense, then do it. If you look back over your finished article and see some way of weaving in an internal link opportunity then do so.
Vary Your Anchor Texts
Try to add some variance to your internal links too. A page that targets birthday signs would also benefit from being linked to with variations of anchor text (the words contained in the hyperlink).
So, if we used the term birthday in our piece, then we might hyperlink that to our birthday signs page.
The same would apply for related variants. Birthday | signs | plaques | gifts etc.
Links are the glue of the internet, without them we’d all be a little lost. When creating your content, you’ll often link out to other sites and partners.
General rules of thumb are:
- Don’t link to spam sites! Think about who you are linking to and how — no point helping a competing service with a juicy link to their competing page.
- Is there a blogger in the space with influence who has said something cool? Link to them! They’ll love it and might even talk about you.
Using Images to Break up Your Copy
You may have already sourced your images in your research phase. If you have then great just be sure that they address the following:
Sources referenced where external or unpaid for and permission sought
Optimised for fast loading times (where the platform doesn’t do so automatically perhaps)
Solid naming conventions with references to keywords where appropriate separated by hyphens.
Through using well named imagery that’s related to the content and theme, that’s well named and engaging we can help improve performance in Google image search and raise our profile and traffic.
The page URL (web address) is an important element of search performance.
We should look to make sure that our page URL’s contain our target keywords and or variants.
URL’s have no limitation in length, but it’s sensible to keep them relatively short and punchy as they are often displayed in the SERPs. Page URL’s will be truncated if too long so try to limit them to 100 characters max. It doesn’t matter if you overstep this limit, but be mindful that any characters after will not be seen.
Some CMS’s like WordPress create our URLs on the fly, taking the page title or heading of the content piece.
The WordPress CMS presents us with an opportunity to edit our URLs.
Where appropriate, we should apply similar thinking to that of our page title selection looking for variance opportunities where they present themselves.
Google News — There is discussion within the tech team for content that is newsworthy or aimed at a specific news element to be tagged or identified as a news piece.
Where this occurs, it’s important to ensure that a 6 figure number is appended to the end of the URL. Failure to do so, will mean that the piece will unlikely be included within Google news.
Tagging and Topics
WordPress gives us the option to tag our content and file it under various headings. Try and categorise your content in to 4 or 5 relevant camps if possible. Most CMS’s allow for this, so use it if it exists.
Through doing so, we create content diversity for a variety of singular topics and increase the likelihood of ranking for a variety of related terms.
After You’ve Completed Your Content
So, you’ve created your content and have spell checked the hell out of it and ran it by a colleague for sanity checks. Woot! Well done, what next?
In our pre writing phase above, we looked at the various social media opportunities and took notes around who was talking in the space.
It’s a good idea to have a post publish process that makes the most of what you learnt in your research phase and try to build up a head of steam.
Fledgling content will not fly alone, it needs the help of friends and colleagues to gain wings and help it grow.
The following list of bullet points will help your content get eyeballs and create additional impetus.
It only really applies to blog posts or special reports/white papers , guides and news items so bear this in mind before you do. Don’t use it for boring old product pages, unless they are super awesome or innovative perhaps
- Follow folks and brands that were tweeting or visible in your key phrase space and seek to engage with them over time.
- Use a social scoring metric as an aid in identifying who might be worth the largest investment of your time.
- Publish your post to Twitter and tag it with #hashtags relevant to the topic — determine the ideal time to do so aiming for your largest GEO audience
- Utilise your internal office/company network and let them know that you’ve posted and ask them to retweet, favourite and share your post.
- If appropriate — Post your link to LinkedIn and linked groups that you participate
- Post the link to your Facebook page and consider a small post boost targeted at Facebook user cohorts interested in your space
- Evaluate any other spaces that could be good conduits for your piece. Reddit for instance
- Include your latest blog post in any email footers you may use
- Did your post have a cool image? Is it Pinterest or Instagram worthy? Tag and send it to these networks.
- If someone shares or retweets or comments on your stuff, then thank them for doing so. Be social.
- Monitor the performance of your post in Google analytics. Spend a few minutes each day looking at your recent posts or content pieces and see how well they are doing.
- Talk to Rob about tracking new keywords and URL performance
Rinse, refine, and repeat.
Standout SEO Advice For People Like You
Ok, so you have your web domain. It’s hosted on a fast platform and you have a cool funky site, great! Now what?
The Google of today looks at many aspects of a domain when deciding how to rank it.
Page Speed is Important
Make sure that your content loads fast and use a tool to assess this. If it isn’t, then make it so, through on page changes and solid hosting.
Mobile Friendly and Useable Across Devices
Make sure that your content renders across devices in ways that users will find useful and useable. Use the mobile friendly page tester to ensure that your site meets the requirements. Strongly consider looking at an AMP (accelerated mobile page) version of your site and seize the opportunities that this presents.
In addition to page speed and user experience, being relevant to the query is the biggest factor in its decisions I could get super granular and break it down further but confusion isn’t the aim.
Being Relevant to the Query
Well duh, who’d have thought that people will actually want to see stuff that’s related to what they searched for! So how does it all work?
In short, you could break it down in to two distinct camps. What you show on the page and what happens off the page.
What you show on the page is…Onsite SEO
When you create a piece of content that you are looking to rank in Google or Bing, you should (in most cases) be in the habit of researching your subject and ensuring that you have an audience that actually searches for what it is you are about to write. You should do this via keyword research, using a tool like Google Adword’s keyword planner. You can get an idea for what it is that people search for, in what volume and where, along with related phrases that you can weave in to your copy.
Research your intended audience
Keyword volumes are a handy way of gauging the potential traffic you’ll receive and enable you to make better investment decisions around the products you are looking to sell or the ideas you are looking to promote. They are the corner-stone to success, as without them, you are shooting at fish in a pond in the dark, and why would you want to do that?
Assess the competition and be realistic
You also need to gauge the likelihood of success – To quote an extreme example, there’s little point in being Joe Bloggs the insurance agent on main street and seriously expecting to be able to rank for ‘car insurance’ simply because the level of competition for such phrases is insane and is targeted by multi nationals with weekly budgets larger than the probably value of your entire business. So take a considered view on what it is you aspire to and be creative in how you are going to target it.
You might have a particular angle for your locality perhaps and you might well have enough local understanding of issues and the landscape to get your content picked up by local news outlets or shared on social media which may then appear in Google in related tweets.
Look at people who you consider to be the competition in your space, see what they rank for, look at the type of content they create, note who shares it, take notes and emulate the best aspects of their strategy, dig deep and see what applies to you.
Put the right pieces in the markup at the right places
The code that outputs your pages is often referred to as mark up – mark up encompasses a multitude of html tags that are interpreted by the browser to display your content and informs the way in which Google and Bing and other properties may output their search results.
If we think of document relevancy and how search engines decide what is and what isn’t relevant we find that some html tags have more weight than others and that the placement and incidences of words throughout them can have a substantial bearing on how relevancy is interpreted.
In the <head> of your documents. ensure that your page contain your aspired to key phrases and ensure that yourdo the same.
In the <body> of your content use <h#> headings to head up your copy with headings that work closely with your target key phrase aspirations and ensure that what you write in your copy also contains mentions of your target phrase, along with semantic variants where possible. Write naturally, don’t force it, and don’t ‘keyword mention’ spam.
Some folk will talk of italicizing certain words, or bolding certain phrases. Others talk of using different font sizes to tell the search engines that some words are more important than others. Like most things, there are sensible things you should do and things that you shouldn’t. If it feels right to play with font sizes to make things stand out, then do so, but don’t expect any direct search benefit as a result.
If you look at how many standard content pieces are written, you’ll pretty much see that most ranking documents use a wide range of methods for displaying what they say. Don’t waste your time trying to reverse engineer some secret sauce, because it doesn’t exist. Just write for your users and pepper your content with a liberal dose of words that make sense to your reader, reinforcing the core of what it is all about.
You can read more about how to position your page content here, from Google itself.
Create keyword relevant urls
Make sure that the urls you create contain your target key phrases – this might be achieved via /filename-with-keyword-phrase-alone.html or use a directory type /key-phrase/related-branch.html approach. It doesn’t really matter which, but it’s important that you use one or the other as to not include the core aspect of your target phrase may well hamper your ability to rank for your aspiration.
Through using keyword rich URL’s you not only give your users a good indication what the page is about should the link be shared in an email, but you may also increase the incidence of keyword diversity when such links are shared as urls.
Use hyphens as a separator, not underscores, partly because that’s what Google used to advise (some Googlers say it doesn’t matter anymore) but also because if shared as hyper links, the underscores can be missed and can create confusion in type in scenarios, whereas hyphens are clear and unambiguous.
They also appear in the search engine results page and act as a re-enforcement in the users mind when submitting their query. Google often emboldens words that match the query, so it’s a good thing to do.
Use a logical navigation structure on your domain with useful anchor text
Make sure that your users will have some insight in to the pages that they are clicking through to.
Don’t use words like product 1 or service 2, be specific, in your menus and site navigation be sure to think about the types of things that users search for and inject these into your structures.
Use solid tried and tested practices that users like and reinforce these throughout.
Consider the use of bread crumb trails to enable the user to see where they are in their journey and reinforce the message to both people who read it and the bots that will spider and index your content.
Is infinitely better than nothing or something that was devoid of links or product/service mentions. Shows your users where they are, adding context and meaning.
Think about how you name your files and images
Similar to using target key phrases in your URLs, you should also consider how you use and name imagery or files within your content. An image named image1.gif isn’t very useful to bots or people, whereas descriptive-file-name.gif is. This will increase the likelihood of your images appearing in image search and may also have a direct ranking benefit too.
Images should also contain descriptive alt attributes and it certainly doesn’t hurt to use the title attribute too. Be sure to be sensible avoiding the urge to be spammy or ridiculous.
For the more technically adept there’s of course a whole host of other considerations to be had too which will enhance how your content appears across search and other platforms.
Ever wonder how some results in the SERP (search engine results page) have stand out extra graphical elements? These are commonly referred to as rich snippets. Here’s an example of them in action.
Rich Snippet Mark Up
Rich snippets are pieces of code that often generate enhanced search displays, making your content more visible to your target audience. They do this through the use of structured data standard called schema.org microdata. There are a range of different types:
To quote one example, “events” are often seen in the SERPs, and they might look a little like this. We can produce an example of a fictional event, showing both the markup and the visual representation.
The guys at verve search have an excellent run down of the considerations involved so do check out their post.
Ever noticed how some tweets seem to have an image associated with a shared link?
That’s twitter cards in action and it’s a very simple addition to do.
We can see how it works with this page here – when the page is shared on Twitter, it receives an enhanced preview.
The code that makes that happen can be viewed below
<meta name=”twitter:title” content=”Plan your travels from Bayeux France to La Rochelle France” />
<meta name=”twitter:card” content=”summary_large_image“>
<meta name=”twitter:site” content=”@distantias” />
<meta name=”twitter:creator” content=”@distantias” />
<meta name=”twitter:image” content=”https://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/medium/94269660.jpg” />
You can read more about adding Twitter cards here.
Facebook Open Graph Code
We’ve all shared content on Facebook and seen the previews created as we do. The cool thing is, you can actually control how your message is presented and display a custom image to fit.
The code that makes it happen is this.
<meta property=”og:title” content= “Journey Planning From Bayeux France to La Rochelle France “/>
<meta property=”og:description” content=”Plan your travels from Bayeux France to La Rochelle France Create friendships, Earn points , Book Hotels and more”/>
<meta property=”og:site_name” content=”Distantias” />
<meta property=”og:image” content=”https://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/medium/94269660.jpg”>
<meta property=”og:image:type” content=”image/png”>
<meta property=”og:image:width” content=”100″>
<meta property=”og:image:height” content=”70″>
<meta property=”go:image:height” content=”70″>
When shared on Facebook, this produces this.
HREFLANG – Calling International SEO
Some companies target international audiences. You can use hreflang to target different geolocations and languages.
The implementation is too lengthy to go into detail here, but if you’d like to know more than you can read all about it here or hit me up and I’ll walk you through it.
What Happens Off the Page is…Off Site SEO
So, in the previous part we took a quick look at various on-site or on-page factors that help influence ranking and page performance, this being just one part of being “relevant to the query”.
In this part, we are going to look at the off page factors and talk about how things work and what you can do to influence your domain in the best most effective way.
As previously discussed, Google use a variety of signals to determine relevancy.
In addition to what they say on the page, websites can boost their perceived importance and score through obtaining citations from across the web from other websites through using a variety of anchor texts (the text used in a link to reference other pages on the web).
The facts of life are that for many queries, in terms of the content contained within the pages that discuss them, there is often more than one relevant useful page for a query. So, when faced with this predicament, the algorithm uses external citations (effectively votes ) in an attempt to sort it all out and decide who should be shown and who should not.
The idea being, that if a page has more links to it around a topic and those pages are adjudged to be authoritative on the topic, then that’s a good signal to use when sorting any wheat from the chaff.
How to determine authority from linking pages
So, this begs the question of what IS an authoritative page and how should you get them to talk about you?
In the old days, people would talk of the concept of PageRank. PageRank was once a a publicly accessible metric displayed by google in its toolbar. Various tools used this number to assess link acquisition worthiness. It was a useful, easy to understand metric.
Google eventually took this number away from the public domain, mainly because it was no longer necessary for public relations purposes and it was used and abused by people seeking to influence its algorithm.
The breach was filled by companies like, MajesticSEO and SEOMoz who effectively reverse engineered aspects of how they believed PageRank may have been calculated and so, developed scoring systems of their own. Domain authority for Moz and Trust and Citation Flow for MajesticSEO to use similar principles to that of PageRank. Not prefect and devoid of other factors used for ranking, but an indicator nonetheless and, in the world of understanding the machinations of black box technology – they are therefore, useful.
You should have already identified a handful of competitors and gained an understanding of what they rank for, what they write about and generally assessed their abilities via some kind of SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) These would have helped inform your content production decisions and given you a pretty good idea of the kinds of things you need to be doing onsite.
Additionally, they should also have informed you on some of the other reasons why they were succeeding via an analysis of the linking domains to their website.
This post from Koozai looks at the variety of tools that exist that help you to do this and there are many of them. SEMRush is my current favourite as it’s highly flexible, and gives you a lot of insight that is actionable in simple easy to understand ways.
So you’ve done your analysis and you have a hatful of linking opportunities.
If you are thinking of emulating link profiles (think mixed competitor mashup) then you’ll need to asses the likelihood of obtaining those links and ask yourself a few hard questions.
Will they link to you? Are they a direct competitor perhaps? Why should they link to you? What value do you offer to their readership, what’s in it for them?
If you think about those questions first, you’ll be better placed to succeed in your request.
If you are thinking of emulating ideas, then look at how successful those ideas were and do some leg work in investigating why. Use tools like BuzzSumo to evaluate those social shares and take note of who shared and why.
Here’s a couple of other things you should do when link building
Don’t go in cold, take the time to build a relationship.
If they are a blogger, then read about them, find out what motivates them, look at how they write and what they write about. Follow them on social media perhaps, engage with them a few times, retweet their stuff. After a period of time, send them a little email or if you are great on a phone, pick up a phone and talk to them.
Talk about how you can help them, think about how you can help them, in fact make that your focus. If you do that (genuinely) then they’ll be far more receptive and you won’t have to work that hard to get them to like you and talk about you.
If they are operating in the same business sphere as you, then think about partnerships. Talk to them about how you can help each other, focus on the mutually beneficial aspects of the web and your brand and your products and use these to make your case.
If they are a community like a forum, then take the time to contribute, but do so in a way that adds value.
Here’s a couple of things you shouldn’t do when link building
Don’t just send out a boiler plate shitty email, saying your site is great, here is my link, please link to me. That’s lame of course, but don’t think that by tarting it up with sophisticated language that it’ll be any less so.
Don’t pick up the phone and call cold and tell them the benefits of how linking to you can help them.
Don’t go on forums or other places related to your niche and spam the hell out of them. It’ll bite you on your bum if you do. Don’t just expect to be able to rock up and leave your deposit on someones manicured lawn.
There’s many things that influence ranking, and it’s often an ever shifting thing that you need to watch and refine. You should ensure that you look at your site analytics and webmaster tools daily and keep up to speed with change and innovation in your space. Failure to do so, could cause all manner of downsides for your business, a lot of which can be avoided through regular assessment. I hope this has given food for thought and is of use to you!
Need help with your domain? Hire Rob Today
“OMG Our Search Engine Rankings Have Died!!”
First off, it isn’t funny, at all. It’s totally traumatic.
If you’ve enjoyed months or years of traffic for keywords relevant to your business and it’s switched off overnight, then it’s truly going to impact you and your business. You have bills to pay, staff salaries to maintain and the loss of traffic is often truly devastating.
Second, they were never really yours anyway. They were always going to be subject to the actions and whims of another for profit entity.
Unfortunately, when it comes to dumb algorithms, there’s little kindness involved. If your website hits the thresholds that say rank this domain lower then you need to take action to reverse those aspects that may be contributing to your misfortune.
The search engine guidelines set out what is and what isn’t acceptable. Hidden text, spammy links, keyword stuffing being 3 top level well known no no’s. There are however a myriad of other no no’s which are often fuzzy and hard to pin down. We need to understand that ultimately, search engines (generally) don’t earn money from sites that use effective SEO so it’s no surprise that they’d make it all a little bit of a minefield. It’s easy to say “Make the best site for your users” but with only 10 spots available to have for each query, it’s understandable that companies and site owners will push the envelop a little to get ahead. It’s this process that often trips folks up which can often lead to ranking catastrophes. FUD is a powerful tool in dissuading the allocation of marketing budget
It’s important to differentiate between penalties and algorithmic shifts of course. Penalties are manually applied whereas algorithmic shifts like Penguin and Panda are changes to the way pages are scored.
What to do if your search rankings have disappeared overnight?
If you know what you are doing then it’s pretty academic. Why are you even here reading this?
If you don’t know what you are doing then don’t waste your time trying to figure it out.
You. Will. Drive. Yourself. Mad.
Employ an experienced seo specialist to look at the situation for you.
Algorithmic Search Engine Penalties
They should know if there has been a recent major algorithm change and will look at your website analytics to see if your traffic fall coincides with an algorithm change. If it does, then it’s usually either due to a Penguin or a Panda update.
If your website has been affected by Panda, then it is perceived to have a page quality issue. These might be due to spammy or thin content issues, or machine generated content that is considered to be of low quality.
Your appointed specialist should be able to honestly appraise your site and be frank enough to tell you that it’s lacking in quality.
If your website has been affected by Penguin, then you have a so called back link quality issue.
A backlink quality issue relates to the quantity and quality of the number of links to your website.
Sites that have acquired many links at once for example might be seen to be manipulating their link profile. Sites with lots of so called ‘money’ keywords in their anchor text might be another.
In the circumstances outlined; you’ll need to begin the process of fixing your sites on and off site issues.
The good news is that your appointed specialist will be able to help identify these and help you with a way forward, the bad news is that you’ll often have to wait until the algo has updated or refreshed before your site reappears for your keywords. Even then, there are no guarantees as with penguin for example, the link cleaning process may even remove links that offered value whilst retaining those that hamper. It’s critical therefore, to ensure that you use someone who has experience with these and the tools that help identify them
Manual Search Engine Penalties
In some cases, websites receive so called ‘Manual‘ penalties. These are applied by search engineers for what would be in their view egregious manipulation of the algorithm. There have been many cases of these over the years for all manner of organisations. They are a good PR tool for search engines as they send out the message that they are watching for exploitation of their resource and will punish those who try it on.
The good news is that you can clean things up and submit a re-inclusion requests whereby a search engine will review what you’ve done and reinstate your domain in search. The not so good news is that they may refuse it and ask you to try harder.
A friendly suggestion on the way forward
Finally, regardless of whether you have or have not had an issue; perhaps it’s time to take a long hard look at what you do and really ask yourself some honest questions around your content marketing efforts.
The web is only going to get more competitive, to rely on big profit driven corporations for non paid for sustenance is a little bit mad really.
The proliferation of platforms that are taking market share will only continue to grow. People are using an ever increasing level of device and apps to access information. Desktop PC’s, Laptops, Phones, Tablets, Phablets, Watches, TV’s – Search engines are cannibalising content to keep users on site, social media platforms are doing the same pulling folks away from search engines in the process, maybe it’s time to act like search engines didn’t exist even; become the destination for your niche, be the best.
Talk about your friends and help them in to the bargain!
Today I was flicking through the blogosphere in search of a little inspiration. It’s hard at times to release the old creative juices, it can get a little tiring.
I didn’t want to complain about a service or talk about the launch of some new product or service, or reference a blogger with a cool idea that I liked, or take a good look at a google algo aspect or even point to some a-lister in the hope of some little mention or other.
Its funny how I just did all those things, but yet by reading these people today I was able to arrive at the point of where I am right now. An aspect of the beauty of how things are created is how things can just pop into your head like a little light brightening a darkened room- ping!
So, here is the idea.
This is what I don’t want to do.
I don’t want to review or look at a blog. Blog software is pretty standard with lots of tools that you can plugin and play with, I just don’t really want to look at tagging and hacking themes and generally dealing with all that stuff that so many others talk about so eloquently already.
No, what I’d like to do is look at something a little different. A standard ‘ordinary’ hand built website made by some random person out there who for whatever reason decided to build something from the ground up. They might be a friend of a blogger, or a business associate or just some resource that people need to know about yet just doesn’t show up in the serps for what they should or at least could.
Lots of sites out there merit a place in a kw related SERP somewhere. Yet an ever increasing reality is that the competition for available slots gets increasingly more competitive.
Whilst a site might have great content, its very design and layout and accessibility to spiders and indexers may inhibit its ability to perform how it ideally could.
In many ways basic SEO can help these sites perform so much better. Be it via original title tags for each page, better structured content, better copy, a few more links, better internal navigational structure, inaccessible flash, over use of graphics, a little PR…the list could go on.
There is a little difficulty with this request as most of the people who read the stuff I gab on about are either SEO’s, bloggers or savvy shrewd marketers, but I know that this isn’t entirely the case either so, we shall see.
Whats in this for me I hear you ask..
There’s lots in it for you.
Straight away it gives you a new idea to write about.
What better way to spend a Sunday or whenever, than helping someone you like or admire even?
Ok sure I can think of a few selfish alternatives, but hey – isn’t there just a bit of appeal in a “give out a little love and get it back tenfold” mindset? Giving beats receiving every single time.
What should you do?
You can write about a site that you think is really cool, or a site that you use daily that isn’t mainstream and that people should know about. It could be one of your own sites, or it could be a site of a friend or a relative even. By writing about them you will be raising an awareness and giving them some all important link juice too.
If you’d like me to consider the site for a review then all you gotta do is link back to this post and hopefully I’ll pick it up and have a little look. In an ideal world you’d choose one of these sets of phraseology, “Rob is offering the chance for some Free SEO Advice ” or “Rob is offering a website review“, but I’m cool with a rob or a yackyack or a click here even!
I’ll let things run for a week or two and select a site that I feel could do with a little help, I’ll then write up a few words offering suggestions and ideas for improvement and forward it to the blogger who wrote about them. I can’t help everyone so please, dont be offended or narked if I don’t pick you, its nothing personal. 🙂
If you participate then great have fun with it, I look forward to seeing you pop up in the blogosphere.